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Cultural Activities  
 

Next to the classes where the Indonesian history, Bahasa Indonesia, the culture and way of living are taught also some concrete courses can be followed. Examples are:

  • Natural Art Course

Natural art course is a short course which lasts in 2 weeks, designed for those who would like to learn anything about natural art in the form of painting, handy craft, souvenir, and gift items. You will learn from the expert, actress or the craft men directly.

  • Bahasa Indonesia Course

Indonesian language course is a short course which lasts for 30 days, designed for those who would like to study the Indonesian language. You will not only learn to speak Bahasa Indonesia, you will also learn the Indonesian culture and at the same time practice your speaking ability with the native speakers. This is a good opportunity to enrich your language skills. Duration of this Indonesian language course is 30 days. Every day you have a 2-hour session of Indonesian language study. You have the rest of the day for yourself to practice speaking to the native speaker. You will improve your speaking skills rapidly. 

  • Silver Carving Course

Silver Carving course is a short course which lasts within 2 (two) weeks designed for those who want to learn silver carving art to produce any kind of souvenir / gift items, earrings, necklace, bracelet, accessories, etc. in modern, conservative or traditional styles. This is a good opportunity to enrich your art skills.

  • East Java Food cooking course

Indonesian cuisine course is a short course designed for those who would like to learn cooking Indonesian cuisine and dishes. You will learn how to prepare delicious meal, traditional meal with traditional recipe very distinct of Indonesian. Our experienced cook will teach you to cook the easy and fun way. Indonesia is full of exotic, tantalizing and delicious dishes.

  • Javanese Language Course (largest language after Indonesian)

Javanese language course is a short course which lasts in 30 days, designed for those who would like to study the most popular dialect used by Indonesian who living in Java Island. You will not only learn to speak Javanese language but also learn the Indonesian culture in the same time while you practicing your speaking ability with the native speakers. This is the best way to experience in the ground and opportunity to enrich your language skills. Duration of this course is 30 days. Every day you have a 2-hour session of Javanese language class and the rest of the day you could join the local people’s daily activities. You will improve your speaking skills rapidly. 

  • Cultures and Traditional Dances Courses

Cultures and Traditional dances course is a short course designed to bring you understanding deeply to the root of local people cultures, learning the old story in it’s behind, knowing the myth in each dance and enjoy the movement.

   
 

Furthermore we can organize many field trips to see Indonesian history, nature and culture as well as to see current Indonesian live. We provide East Java and Bali tour is a tour designed to see the east part of Java Island and Bali. There are abundant things to see on this famous part of Java such as Mount Merapi and Bromo, The Rich of Mojopahit Kingdom heritages, white sand beaches, spectacular scenery, awesome view and also spicy and tantalizing food and many more. At the end of this trip, you can take additional or optional tour to Bali and Lombok islands.

   
 
 
  • "Amazing Bromo" Tour Package
 

Mount Bromo scenery is primary tourist attractions in East Java that can be seen from the top of Mount Penanjakan that has altitude 2774 meters above sea level and it is the highest top Tengger Mountain range. The visitors can see beautiful sunrise, sand sea and the scenery of Mount Bromo. Mount Bromo can be accessible from Malang and Surabaya just only 95 km. In addition, we can see the uniqueness of Tenggerese tradition, which has mutual work in Tenggerese culture the ritual activities still exist such as Kasada, Karo, Unan-unan, Entas-entas, and Purnama Tilem. If the visitors go there, they will find a spectacular panorama along their way, completed with its fresh air and snaky hilly roads. It’s accessible from Pasuruan via Wonokitri - Tosari

 
 

 
 
   
 
  • "Kakek Bodo" Recreational Forest
 

Aesthetic Forest is a result of a combination of several factors such as location, vegetative configuration, fauna and environments.
This means that we can find harmonious natural life inside the aesthetic forest, full of peace among its supporting factors in the form of vegetative and living natural earth crust. By enjoying the combined natural factors presented, created by God the Almighty, we can more appreciate his blessings we can even feel more peaceful and safe amidst his creations which is untouched by human evil hands. Its natural condition is an ideal place for either hiking, mountain climbing, camping, or photographing.

These aesthetic forest lines are realized and developed by the forest state corporation (Perum Perhutani) in its territory so that these potential can be utilized as a means of foot ring to love the nature.

The biography of "Kakek Bodo" in brief

According to story told by the local people, “Kakek Bodo " came from the name of a servant of a Dutch family who was both devoted and honest. He left the Dutch family to purity himself from the worldly life the by practicing asceticism.

For this reason the Dutch family dubbed him as a foolish (bodo) grandy (kakek). His asceticism, however, made him acquire super natural power enabling him to assist the local people who came for help. Finally he died and his grave has been considered sacred by the local people ever since.

 
 

 
   
 
  • “Jawi” Historical Temple
 

The temple is a holy building of Hinduism and Budhism that has built in 1300 AD by Kertanegara, the last king of Singasari Kingdom. It is located at Candi Wates village Prigen sub district on the way Tretes Pandaan, it’s about 40 minutes drive from Surabaya. The height of this temple is about 24,50 meters with the length 14,20 metres and 9.50 metres wide.

 
 

 
   
 
  • A Day Trip discovering Majapahit Kingdom Heritages
 

Eastern Javanese history usually divided into three dynasty periods. The first was the period when the kings of Kadiri ruled over Java (10th - 1222 AD) they ware succeeded by the dynasty of Singasari (1222 - 1293 AD), which in turn was replaced by the kings of Majapahit (1293 - early 16th century) Raden Wijaya was the son-in law of Kertanegara the last king of Singasari who had been murdered by Jayakatwang from Gelang-Gelang. Then Jayakatwang was defeated by Wijaya Utilizing the Mongol armies, who came to Java to punish Kertanegara. Finally by cunning tricks Wijaya defeated the Mongols and drove then away. Then Wijaya ascended the throne as the first king of Majapahit on 1293 AD. In the Lands of Tarik he built a strong hold, and the capital was named Majapahit also, after the bitter maja fruit, a sort of fruit which grew in abundance in that area. His formal name was Kertarajasa Jayawarddhana. Wijaya died in 1309 AD.
He was succeeded by his son, Jayanegara, whose mother was a Malayu princess. Jayanegara was murdered by his surgeon on 1328 AD. He should be succeeded by his stepmother, Rajapatni who retired from court become a nun in Buddhist monastery, and therefore she appointed her daughter, Tribhuwana as a queen of Majapahit to rule under her auspices.

The famous Prime Minister Rajah Made assisted Tribhuwana in her reign, and would afterwards serve King Hayam Wuruk also. During Tribhuwana’s rule Majapahit grew to be a great kingdom and famous on all the seas of the Archipelago and a broad. Tribhuwana ruled until the death of her mother in 1350 AD. Then her son Hayam Wuruk ascended the throne.

Majapahit’s Power reached its peak under the rule of King Hayam Wuruk. Rajah Mada was again prime minister until his death in 1365 AD. After Hayam Wuruk died in 1389 AD. The country was split up by fraternal conflates. Hayam Wuruk had been succeeded by the crown princess Kusumawarddhani, who had married a relative, Prince Wikramawarddhana. Hayam Wuruk also had a son during his previous marriage, crown prince Wirabhumi. He was jealous of his sister and his brother in-law, so he claimed rights to the throne. The tense relations between the two parties remained a smoldering fire during some. It grew into a big blaze at the beginning of the 15 Th centuries when a fraternal war called paregreg was declared and lasted from 1403 to 1406 AD. At last Wikramawarddhana won the war while Wirabhumi who fled at night, was caught and decapitated. Then the country was reunited by Wikramawarddhana, who ruled to 1492 AD.

Wikramawarddhana, had been succeeded by his daughter Suhita, who ruled from 1426 to 1447 AD. She was the second child of Wikramawarddhana by a concubine who was the daughter of Wirabhumi. Suhita was appointed a queen to gain peace. At 1447 Ad. Suhita died and was succeeded by Kertawijaya, a brother of her. He ruler until 1451 AD. After Kertawijaya died, Bhre Pamotan become a king with formal name Rajasawarddhana and ruled at Kahuripan. He died in 1453 AD. After that during three years Majapahit grew internally weaker and until 1456 AD, when Bhre Wengker came forward to hold position as a leader. He was a son of Kertawijaya. He died at 1466 AD and succeeded by Singhawikramawarddhana. At 1468 AD suddenly Kertabhumi attacked and promoted himself to king of Majapahit. Men while Singhawikramawarddhana moved to Daha and continued his rule until he was succeeded by his son Ranawijaya at 1474 AD. In 1478 AD he conquered Kertabhumi and brought Majapahit which had been divided into one Kingdom. Ranawijaya ruled from 1474 AD to 1519 AD with formal name Girindrawarddhana. Nevertheless, Majapahit situation decayed already by many and long lasting family conflicts and enhanced by the growing-up of the north-coastal petty kingdoms in Java.

Wringinlawang Temple (Jatipasar Village, Trowulan district, Mojokerto regency)

The building is called Wringinlawang temple or Jatipasar temple by local people, probably they saw a banyan tree (wringin) located near the gate (lawang). The building is shaped a gateway resembling a temple that is cut in two vertically, and usually it is named Candi Bentar in Bali

 
 

 

 
 

   

 
  • Brahu Temple (Bejijong village, Trowulan district, Mojokerto regency)
 

This temple was built to a rectangular ground plant, with four cellars/projections. It access to the west. The building is in ruins condition, especially its roof. It has no decoration, Traces of a stupa on the roof. Brahu temple assumed was built at the 15th century. The folklore says that Brahu temple was the burial place of Brawijaya I up to I, but there are not archaeological and historical evidences supporting it. Brahu temple has reconstructed in 1995

 
 

 

   
   
 
  • Bajang Ratu Temple (Temon Village, Trowulan district, Mojokerto regency)
 

Bajangratu is roofed gateway. Based on Ramayana, long car animal and dragon relieves, this monument is estimated built in 14th century. The gateway was function as the entrance into a sacred building to commemorate the death of Jayanegara who is stated in Negarakertagama manuscript that be returned in Wisnu's world at 1328 C. Meanwhile the Pararaton script mentioned Jayanegara was abode in Kapopongan and immortalized at Antawulan (Trowulan). This opinion supported by relief of Sri Tanjung, gate wing that have e realizing symbol

 
 

 

   
   
 
  • JolotundoTemple (Jolotundo Village, Trawas district, Mojokerto regency)
 
 

 
   
 
  • Trowolan Museum
 

Place to keep the ancient things of Mojopahit Kingdom; it is also a place study especially for the pupils and the students. Beside that it can also be functioned as the recreation place. It’s location at Trowulan.

 
 

 

   
   
 
  • The Great Building of Mojopahit
 

It is specific building with the nuance of Mojopahit. It is often functioned as the place of art performance. Study Tour, the meeting place with comfortable and cool situation, the rest palace. Its location is at Temon Trowulan

 
 

 

 

   
   
 
  • Siti Inggil
 

It was the meditation place of the first Mojopahit King (R. Wijaya Kertajaya Jayawardhana) According to the story, it was "punden" which was called LEMAH GENENG (Siti Inggil) In front of Siti Inggil, there are two grave - the grave of Sapu Angin and Sapu Jagad. This grave is visited by many local or foreign visitors every Friday (Jumat Legi). It’s Location at Kedung wulan Bejijong Trowulan

 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 
  • Campa Prince Grave
 

It is grave Mojopahit Family who where Moslem. There are two gravestone, one is in grave another is in the second yard. Many visitors visit.

 
 

 

 

 

   
 
  • “Trowulan” the old stone statue industry
 
 

 

 

   
 
  • Maha Vihara of Buddha
 

Visiting Maha Vihara of Buddha in Trowulan is part of Majapahit heritages historical trip especially for those who has interest in learning Buddha Philosophy deeply, yet still have the chance to see the laying Buddha statue located at east part of the Vihara.

 
 

 

 

   
 
  • Reco Lanang Statue (Buddha Aksobya)
 
 

  

   

 

  • The Centre of Antique Furniture Industry of East Java
 

Pasuruan regency is located 20 km south east of Trawas. Beside its tourism objects, Pasuruan also has industrial area and crafting which has its own characteristic, such as small industry and crafting of embroidery in Beji, Bangil, Gempol; crafting of wood in Prigen and Karangrejo; crafting of accessories in Bangil and Gempol; also the most famous centre of antique furniture industry of East Java in Kraton village.

 
 

   

 

  

 
   
 
  • Purwodadi Botanical Garden
 
 

 

This tourism object is located at Jatiarjo village Prigen district. This natural preserve is the branch of Cisarua - Bogor natural preserve. As the natural wild life, preserve Taman Safari Indonesia collects various wild animals. This wildlife preserve is 295 hectares, the wild animal such as: lion tiger, wild buffalo, komodo, rhinoceros, bison that live in open area. Lies at the slope of Mt. Arjuno 800 – 1.500-meter sea level cover 340 ha and divided three zones. Wild life zone, place for visitor observing a natural wild life. Attraction zone for performing education through entertainment attractions. Each Sunday we can see that circus of Taman Safari Indonesia Jl. Prigen. Baby zoo zone place for visitor to getting photos and closing to the baby animals. Taman Safari surrounded by the beautiful panorama and fresh atmosphere with temperature 24-25o C, it also has supporting facilities such as; recreational park for children. This location is easy to be reached. It takes only 1 hour from Surabaya or Malang.

Purwodadi Botanical garden is a branch of Bogor botanical Garden that has managed by LIPI (Indonesian Scientific Institution). In this area visitor can see various collections of scare and dry plant. Beside this Botanical Garden as a place for recreation but it’s also used as making some research on botany. It is easily accessible from Surabaya it takes about 60 minute to drive

 
 

 

 

 

   
 
  • Coban Baung Waterfall

 
 

The waterfall is 100 meters high as one of natural attractions. It is located at Purwodadi village exactly in the east of Purwodadi Botanical garden. It has surrounded by a protected forest with various animals like monkey, deer, etc. It has provided camping ground.

   
 
  • Finna Golf & Club Resort
 

The area is a development of Prigen resort. It takes about 45 minutes drive from Surabaya to get this place. The golf course with 18 holes designed by Thompson Wolveride and Perret has completed with many facilities such as cottages, restaurant, convention hall and swimming pool. It is a convenient place for both recreation and sport activity with the cool air all the year.

 
 

 

 

 

   
 
  • Taman Dayu Club
 
 

 

Taman Dayu is a place for relax and resort located at Pandaan, it is accessible for about 40 minutes drive from Surabaya. Taman Dayu has a golf course with 18 holes designed by Jack Nicklaus, children play ground, splash water park, bar and cottages. Taman Dayu is combination of sport activity and place for relax

   
 
  • Apple Agro Tourism
 
 

The agro tourism is located at Andonosari village, Tutur sub district. It's about 40 km from Pasuruan city. The visitor can be relax and go around the Apple plantation.
If we want to pick some Apples by ourselves and eat them as many as we want, we have to pay an admission fee at first. The agro tourism covers an area about 1100 hectares and the apples which are planted consist of Manalagi, Rhome beauty, Anna and Wanle.
   
 
  • Trawas Orchid Center
 
 

Trawas Orchid Garden collects many kinds of orchids and decorative plants, which is located on the way between Pandaan – Tretes. The visitor can see the beauty of orchids and buy them as souvenirs. In this garden is cultivated many kinds of orchid, which are preserved and for collection
   
 

Other Package Tour :

 
 
  • Borobudur Temple
 

Borobudur is the greatest of all Buddhist temples in the globe and one of the wonders of the world. Built around the beginning of the 9th century by the Syailendra Dynasty. When Buddhism decreased in Java, Borobudur was abandoned. Only then it was discovered by The British's Raffles in 1814 when he ruled Java
Borobudur is 42 m in height and has 10 terraces (10 levels). The three top levels are circular where the Buddhist stupas are placed and the seven others are square on which the relief of Buddha Gautama's life and love are carved.

    • Watching the Ramayana Ballet in Prambanan Temple (Yogyakarta)
   
 
  • Prambanan Temple
 

Prambanan temple is located some 17 km from Yogyakarta. Tourists can't miss the temple because it is only 100 meters off the main street. Sanjaya Dynasty built this 47 meters high Hindu temple in the 9th century. It consists of three courtyards. The main temple is located in the inner courtyard and surrounded by several small temples called "Perwara". Local chieftains contributed some of these as a tribute of their acceptance to the king.
As a Hindu temple the main temple has three shrines, dedicated to the Hindu trinity. Shiva, Vishnu, and Brahma. Each of these shrines is facing a smaller shrine for their vehicles. The cow Nandi is the Vehicle of Shiva, the destroyer God. The eagle Garuda is the vehicle of Vishnu, the guardian God. And the swan Angsa is the vehicle of Brahma, the creator God.
Entering the main temple from the north, one will find a statue of a very beautiful princess, Roro Jonggrang. According to the legend, Roro Jonggrang was the daughter of King Boko, which was cursed into a statue. The legend also says that a young powerful man named Bandung Bondowoso wanted to marry Roro Jonggrang. Since she doesn't love him, Roro Jonggrang tried to avoid the marriage by asking Bandung Bondowoso a present. She would only marry him if Bandung were really a powerful man. To prove the power Bandung was asked to build a thousand temples in one night. Having supernatural power, Bandung has almost successfully finished his task, but Roro Jonggrang prevents this excellent achievement. Jonggrang asked the maidens of the east village of the temples to burn the hay and pound the rice in order to cause the situation like dawn time for sunrise.
So when the cocks begin to crow, all the supernatural beings flee away because they think it was already dawn. Being unable to control his anger, Bandung Bondowoso curses Roro Jonggrang into a statue that now completes the temple. Relieves depicting the heavenly creatures were carved around the foot of Civa temple, symbolizing the cosmic system. Entering the temple from the east and walking around the sub base of the temple with the main shrine on the right (Pradaksina). Tourists will see the whole Prambanan relief of the story of the Ramayana. This relief portrays Ramayana story is ends at balustrade of Brahma temple. The story of Kresnadwipayana, which tells the childhood of Prabu Krishna, can be seen on the balustrade of Vishnu temple.
From May-October, at full moon, the story of Ramayana is usually presented in the evening from 7.30 pm - 09.30 pm. As a traditional dance, the show performed on an open-air stage to the west of the temple.

    • Reviewing the systems of old town planning and the royal palace defense
    • Visit a water castle, the bird market, one of the impressive mosques
   
 
  • Taman Sari Water Castle
 

Taman Sari means beautiful park. It is about ten minutes walk from the Sultan's Palace south-west ward. Sultan Hamengku Buwono I in 1757 built this park. He created a new style that was a combination and a mixture of Javanese and Portuguese architecture. Taman sari was once a beautiful and sophisticated water-park. The area around the park eastward to the city quarters called "Kampung Segaran" was once full of water. This place is now called Suryoputran. Segaran is a Javanese word means a man-made ocean or an artificial sea. Every time the Sultan visited the park, he went there by rowing a private canoe through the suspension bridge called "Kreteg Gantung" which lay in front of the Palace gate, southward or northward of Kemandungan. The remained building that was once connected by the suspension bridge can still be seen nowadays. Besides water transportation, there was also an underground passage or alley from the Sultan Palace leading to one of the park buildings which called Pasarean Ledok Sari. The castle once has a place for relaxation and entertainment as well, a unique mechanism of defense.
Because the water which flows within Taman Sari was not only to beautify the castle, but it also functioned as a secret weapon for avoiding dangers. Whenever the enemies attacked, Sultan and his family would flee away through the underground passage. When all Sultan's family was already in a safe place, the Watergate would be opened and the water would overflow the passages, so that enemy would be sunk.
One part of the place was called Pulau Kenanga because in the front yard of the building grown Kenanga trees (Canangium Odoratum). The flowers spread out the sweet fragrance through all parts of the park. The lofty buildings such as the pond were built especially for the Sultan and his family as a bath-place. Recent restoration has been done on the underground passage leading to the west area, the bulwark that is encircled the area of the Palace, and another path, which lead southward to a small village, called Krapyak.
Besides enjoying the old and ancient building, tourists can also visit many art shops and art galleries along the alleys.

    • Visit silver industries in Kotagede and observe antique houses
    • Watching a shadow puppet evening show
    • Visiting Imogiri royal cemetery or a Kota Gede for a discussion on Kota Gede as the first capital of Mataram Kingdom
   
 
  • Kota Gede Royal Cemetery
 

Kotagede, which is often, called Sargede lies about five km southeast of Yogyakarta. In this old-city, tourist can visit the cemetery of the Mataram Kings like Sutowijoyo, also known as Ngabei Loring Pasar the founder of the Mataram kingdom who was then called Panembahan Senopati. There is also the unique tomb of Ki Ageng Mangir. He was Panembahan Senopati's son in law and his enemy at the same time. His body was buried outside the complex. A hundred meters away from the tomb, there is a stone called "Watu Gilang", the stone on which Panembahan Senopati smashed the head of Ki Ageng Mangir to dead.

Those who want to go inside the cemetery have to wear traditional clothes that one can hire there. Kotagede Royal Cemetery opens on Monday at 10 am - 12 am, and at 01.30 pm - 4 pm on Friday. In addition to cemetery, there are "graceful gates"; ponds will be full of Clarius Melenodermas and yellow turtle. This turtle is hundred years of age and also had had believed as a sacred miraculous turtle

   
 
  • Imogiri Royal Cemetery
 

This cemetery located on a beautiful hill about 12 km from Yogyakarta. The tomb of Sultan Agung Hanyokrokusumo, the third king of the Islamic Mataram Kingdom, is on the top of the hill. All the kings of the Mataram Kingdom, from Sultan Hamengku Buwono I until Hamengku Buwono IX and their families as the Surakarta Kingdoms as ell were all buried at the Imogiri Royal Cemetery.
This cemetery was built in 1645. Tourists have to wear traditional Javanese clothes like in Kotagede. Everyday many people visit Imogiri and step up on 345 stairs to reach the top of the hill where the tomb of the kings rested. The tomb can only be visited on Monday at 10am - 12 am, and on Friday at 1pm - 4pm.

    • Exploring the riverside community, the myth of the banyan trees at the royal palace comple
    • Visit Kaliurang, where we can have a perfect view of the Merapi volcano and try the local food (jadah) and traditional herbal drink (jamu) industries, trip to the forest and waterfall
   
 
  • Kaliurang Mountain Resort
 

Kaliurang lies at the foot of Plawangan hill on the southern slope of mount Merapi, some 28 km northern of Yogyakarta. This resort is a refreshing holiday vacation spot for those who seek retreat and tranquility in the middle of lush and green tropical splendor. As a mountain resort, Kaliurang offers accommodation facilities such as villas, bungalows, inns, and recreational facilities as well - e.g. swimming pools, tennis courts, and playground. Many people visit Kaliurang, especially during the holidays. Young people (like boy scouts) enjoy going there since this mountainous resort also provides camping sites and places for mountaineering. Those who like mountain climbing can climb the Merapi Mountain from Kaliurang. Related to the climbing plan, climber may stay overnight in Kaliurang then start to mounting very early in the morning via Kinahrejo village to descend again at noon. When the weather is clear, a spectacular sight of the panoramic view that covers the surrounding forest of Plawangan and Kaliurang, and the rolling green countryside that fades into distant misty horizons of the blue Indian Ocean can be seen easily. The best time to view the mountain is shortly after sunrise (before 09.00 o'clock) when the early morning light starts lifting up the covering mist around the peak.

   
 
  • Merapi Volcano
 

The internally giant smoking Mount Merapi is one of the active volcanoes found in Indonesia, present its peaceful and sleepy dense forest. Beyond this, there is vast deserted land lies with its deep and steep valley spread out among the mountain hills where sibilant pines and wild grass make out the dominating vegetation, all presents a very exciting panorama. During its resting time of volcanic activities, it will enable those who have much interest in mountaineering to have fun and to make them more acquainted with the flora of its tropical rain forest. From the observation post located on Plawangan hill that can be reached through the forest resort on Kaliurang, you will see incredible sights of molten rocks mudding over the rim - sometimes accompanied with hot lava pouring out regularly and leaving along trail of smoke.

Mount Merapi is 2,920 m above sea level with an average temperature at noon and night is approximately 15-16 degrees. At present this resort is provided with an outstanding and modern golf course, which is settled on 800 meters of sea level. This golf course located only 30 minutes driving from the city of Yogyakarta. This golf course possesses 18 holes, par 72 courses, and opened to the public

   
 
  • Ngayogyakarta Hadiningrat
 

The Sultan's Palace, or Kraton, with its grand and elegant Javanese architecture, lay in the center of the city. It was founded by Pangeran Mangkubumi in 1775, whose the son, the prince, was then called Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono I. He choose the right place for the site of the building, right between Winongo River and Code Rivera swamp area that dried up then.

The Sultan's Palace stretches from north to south. The front yard of the Palace is called Alun-alun Utara (North Square) and the back yard called Alun-alun Selatan (South Square). The design of this historical building demonstrates that the Palace, the obelisk (the Tugu, the column) and Mount Merapi positioned in one line. It is believed that the axis is blessed. In the old-times, Sri Sultan is used to concentrate his mind along this axis before leading a meeting, making decision or giving order to his people.

Each part of the building has its own name. The Palace meeting hall is called Pagelaran. It is the place where formal meetings of the Kraton's officials are held. Manguntur Tangkil Hall is the place where the Sultan has his seat. This hall is in the Siti Hinggil. Siti means ground/land, while Hinggil means high. So, it is called Siti Hinggil because the place where it was built is higher than any other ground around it. It was once a tiny island on the swamp. The front gate is called Danapratopo. Two giant statues called Gupala guard it. One is called Cingkorobolo and the other is Boloupoto. The two statues are perceived may protect the Palace from any harm or evil.

The main part of the Kraton is called Purworetno, a place where the Sultan performs his duties. Beside Purworetno, there are two-story buildings called Panti Sumbaga. This building is the Sultan's private library. The building where the Sultan lives is called Gedong Kuning. Visitors of the Palace can enjoy the atmosphere of the Kraton as it was centuries ago. Wedding ceremonies and Palace meetings often held with puppet shows help to recreate the ancient setting. Many sets of Gamelan instruments, antiques, and heirlooms make the Sultan's Palace as one of the most interesting tourist site in Yogyakarta. The Palace is now the dwelling place of Sultan Hamengku Buwono X and his family.

   
 
  • King Boko's Place
 

King Boko's Palace is located some 19 kilometers at the eastern side of Yogyakarta, and about 2 kilometers from Prambanan temple. The panoramic view of its surroundings is beautiful. To the south, imprecisely visible, unfolds the south coast. And at the northern side one, tourists can see the Mount Merapi, Prambanan, and Kalasan temples with naked eye. From the newly restored main entrance to the right, you will come into the so-called auditorium of the Palace that has been restored. On the left of the auditorium, there is a pool that was used as a bathing pool for women.

   
 
  • Sambisari Temple
 

The temple, which has been restored recently, is located at 12 kilometers eastern side of Yogyakarta. It sited on the northern side of the main street connecting Yogyakarta and Solo. Sambisari temple is very exotic. It lays 6.5 meters below ground level. It was created in the 10th century. And due to the Merapi's eruption in 1006, the area surrounding the temple is covered with volcanic materials.

    • Visiting the mushroom industry
    • Visit the old Dutch Vredeburg Fort and the monument of March 1st, learn about the history of Yogya traditional Beringharjo market, where typical Yogya souvenirs are available
   
 
  • Benteng Vredeburg
 

Benteng Vredeburg (lit. Vredeburg fort) is situated exactly face to face with Gedung Agung. The Dutch colonial built it in 1765 during the domination. It was built in order to anticipate the cannon shot from the Sultan's troops. Its function was also to protect the occupation of the Dutch Residence. This fort is surrounded by moats that still can be seen until now. The fort is rectangular-shaped, with kind of citadel (bastion) on its corner, which enable Dutch's soldiers to walk around and aim a good shot. From the base of the cannon on the southern bastion, visitors may enjoy wonderful views of Sultan's Palace and other historical building around, and certainly the busy traffic of Yogyakarta. The fort can be reach on foot from the center of the municipality.

   
 
  • Monument of March 1st
 

Monument 1 Maret or Monument of March 1st is located on Panembahan Senopati Street, exactly next to Fort (Benteng) Vredeburg. And was constructed to commemorate the total offensive attack on March 1st, 1949 (Serangan Oemoem 1 Maret 1949) when Indonesian guerilla fighters succeeded in reoccupying Yogyakarta for 6 hours in order to prove the world that Indonesian still possesses power to keep struggle for independence against the Dutch colonial. This historical event known as "The Six Hours in Yogyakarta" (Enam jam di Yogyakarta) was successfully commanded by young Colonel Soeharto former 2nd President of Republic of Indonesia. As a follow up, both parties (Dutch and Indonesia) held further diplomatic talks in the Round Table Conference (KMB) at Den Haag.

    • Visiting the “Yogya Kembali” Monument
    • Visiting the Sonobudoyo Museum
   
 
  • Sonobudoyo Museum
 

The Sonobudoyo Museum is situated on the northern side of the north square (Alun-alun Utara) of Sultan's Palace. It was built in 1935 with a Javanese architecture. The architecture of the gateway resembles to the entrance of the mosque in Kudus Town especially in the construction of pathway to the auditorium, and the main joglo structure that connected. Kudus is the most ancient town in the island of Java besides Kotagede. Sonobudoyo has the second most complete collection of cultural artifacts after the central museum in Jakarta. Visitors can observe ceramics from the Neolithic age, original eight and ninth century statues and bronze-articles collected from temple in Central Java, various kinds of puppets, masks, and wayang (puppet or shadow play), to heirlooms and artifacts from Bali. Sonobudoyo museum also has an interesting library that keeps various collection of books related to Javanese culture.

    • Visit the cities of Indonesia’s cultural capitals Yogyakarta and Solo

The cost per activity is dependent on the group size.

   
 
  • Jendral Sudirman Museum
 

Formerly, this museum was a residence of Panglima Besar Jendral Sudirman, the first Indonesian general in Army service. Located at Bintaran Street, this museum collects and keeps many kinds of guns and other Indonesian's classic army instruments, which is being used in past struggle for independence. Jendral Sudirman's personal items such spoon, plate, catapult, and his famous tandu (palanquin) the uniqueness carrying vehicles that enable in poor health Jendral Sudirman move from one place to another (guerilla) when the battle occur reader kept in this museum.

   
 
  • Gedung Agung
 

Gedung Agung is located on the western side of Malioboro Street. It was used as the residence of the Dutch Resident (Head of Administrator of Dutch colonial system) during year 1946-1949, when the struggle of independence process occurred. It was also functioned as the residence of the President Soekarno the first national leader of Indonesia when the capital city of Republic of Indonesia was temporary positioned in Yogyakarta.

   
 
  • Masjid Agung (The Grand Mosque)
 

Masjid Agung can be found on the western side of the north square. It is place for praying and holding Islamic religious ceremonies. Ceremonies like Sekaten and Gerebeg are held annually to celebrate some of the Islamic Commemoration Day. The mosque provides the venue for Kraton's religious activities. The Grand Mosque is designed with traditional architecture. The style has a special roof called "Tajug". This roof especially used for religious buildings. This traditional mosque is becomes the most interesting buildings for its architecture

   
 
  • Tugu Monument
 

One of the monument that stand as a silent witness to Yogyakarta's development is called Tugu, which means column. The original Tugu was actually built to commemorate the establishment of Ngayogyakarta Sultanate in 1755. It was collapsed once, and replaced by a new form of construction shaped differently from the former cylindrical Tugu. Leading southward from Tugu towards Sultan's Palace is the Pangeran Mangkubumi Street, which becomes the Malioboro Street after the street pass the railroad station. Both sides of the streets are decorated with artistic lamps, and beautifully arranged small parks. In the old days, the Malioboro Street famously known as a defense base for the Indonesian against the Dutch. Nowadays, the Malioboro Street is well known as gathering place for many creative artists and craftsmen. At night, this main street is always crowded with people selling Yogyakarta's exotic cuisine called Gudeg, and of course other Javanese food. Customers can sit and relax on a mat, while enjoying their meal in Javanese tradition.

   
 
  • Perjuangan Museum
 

This museum is situated in Kolonel Sugiono Street. It is a cylindrical building, uniquely roofed in the shape of a crown with outer walls portray relief about the history of Indonesian's struggle for independence before and after the Declaration of Independence in August 17th, 1945. The collection consists of historical articles during the time of the revolution for independence.

   
 
  • Affandi Museum
 

This museum is the home and studio of Affandi, a painter of international fame. Affandi museum is located in Adisucipto street the main street to reach the airport. The building is a unique architectural design and stands on the bank of the GajahWong River. It keeps a collection of Affandi's finest artwork during his lifetime

   
 
  • Diponegoro Museum
 

Sasono Wirotomo at Tegalrejo is the former residence of Prince Diponegoro, one of Indonesian's national heroes. An heir to Sultanate of Yogyakarta, the Prince led an uprising against the Dutch colonial administration for five year start from 1825 to 1830. He was eventually tricked into negotiations, arrested, and exiled to Sulawesi until he died. Sasono Wirotomo houses a small museum containing Diponegoro's Keris and other possessions. Scratches on the arms of the chairs in the museum are believed as Prince Diponegoro's fingernails while he was trying to control his anger at having been deceived.

   
 
  • Dirgantara Mandala Museum
 

This museum is situated in Lanuma Adisucipto complex. This museum keeps pictures and models of aero planes left by Japanese army, which then were used by the Indonesian air force during the struggle for independence. The other models are fighting, transportation, and exercise aero planes. Visitors have to inform the officer in charge at least one day in advance to visit the museum

   
 
  • Biology Museum
 

Biology museum is located on Sultan Agung Street, a part of facility provided by the Faculty of Biology of the Gadjah Mada University. It particularly related to the science of flora and fauna that are found in Indonesia. It is equipped with diorama setting that portrays the life of the animals in Indonesia and their habitat. Among these animals, there is the Komodo dragon (Veranus Komodoensis) the biggest giant lizard on earth that only lives on Komodo Island in Indonesia, and the only remain survived prehistoric animals

   
 
  • Banyu Nibo Temple
 

Banyu Nibo temple can be visited easily after visiting King Boko temple. It is sited as solitary complex in the middle of the farmland about two kilometers at the south-eastern side of King Boko's palace, flanked by Gunung Kidul hills to the south. The view of its exotic scenery makes this temple offer great and enjoyable sight. This Buddhist temple is quite small. Its slightly curved-roof functions as the top of the stupa and gives the temple a unique charm. This temple was built around 9th century, and recently has been restored

   
 
  • Sewu Temple
 

Sewu temple is located just several hundred meters north-east of Prambanan temple. It is a large and vast Buddhist's temple including several other small temples like Lumbung, Asu, Bubrah, and Lor Kulon temple.

   
 
  • Plaosan Temple
 

Plaosan temple is about one kilometer at the east of the Sewu temple. This Buddhist temple consists of two main temples standing side by side, each having terraces bases. The relief carved on the southern main temple portrays a man, and the other one show a woman. Another peculiar object that is interesting to see is its "perwara" temple for its 'slender stupa'

   
 
  • Kalasan Temple
 

This unique Buddhist temple is located at 16 kilometers at eastern side of Yogyakarta, on the south side of the main road connecting Yogyakarta and Prambanan. The temple was built in the commemoration of the marriage of King Prancapana Sanjaya Dynasty with his bride Princess Dyah Pramudya Wardhani Cailendra Dynasti. It is beautifully ornamented with fine carved relief and coated with "vajralepa"; a yellowish material made of the sap of certain tree. The vajralepa had been used to protect the ornament against moss and mildew, and to refine the carving as well. This temple is 24 meters high and its groundwork is built in the form of a Greek cross.

   
 
  • Sari Temple
 

The Buddhist temple is situated about 600 meters at the north east of the Kalasan temple. It is sited on the northern side of the main road connecting Yogyakarta and Solo. It is a slender and beautiful two-story temple. The upper floor was used to keep religious relics. This temple was once a Buddhist sanctuary or Vihara where Buddhist priests used to living, doing meditation, and teaching their followers. The wall of the temple is also protected with vajralepa.

   
 
  • Parangtritis Beach Resort
 

Parangtritis has been famous for long, not only as a beach resort where sand dunes, sandy beach and rocky cliffs meet, but it also a historical place which closely to the mysterious legend of the Queen of the South Sea (Kanjeng Ratu Kidul). Kanjeng Ratu Kidul, who together with her trusted right-hand person, the feared Nyi Roro Kidul, the ever youthful and beautiful queen reign over sea nymphs and spirits. The legend says that Kanjeng Ratu Kidul was married to one of the Mataram Monarch, Panembahan Senopati, whom she visited and communicated with on certain occasions. It is said that the name Parangtritis expresses a natural phenomenon. From the wall of one of the hills drops off water containing calcium, which is continuously dripped down and finally formed a pool with a very clear water in it. Sri Sultan Hamengku Buwono VII found and took care of this formed pool. The pool now is functioning as the bathing pool of Parangtritis swimming pool.
Located about 27 km from Yogyakarta, there are two routes to reach Parangtritis:
First route: Yogyakarta Kretek Parangtritis. All sorts of vehicles can smoothly travel on this road directly to the beach. Those who are interested to travel by bus can take a bus at Umbulharjo station in Yogyakarta.
Second route: Yogyakarta Imogiri Siluk Parangtritis. This route has 35 km in distance and connected with a sequence of tourism route consisting of the both Royal Cemetery, Kotagede and Imogiri. This route offers very beautiful scenery: a combination between river and range of lime stones hills. All sorts of vehicles can smoothly travel on this road directly to the beach. Those who are interested to travel by bus can take a bus at Umbulharjo station in Yogyakarta.

   
 
  • Krakal Beach
 

To get to Krakal beach you have to pass Wonosari, the capital of the Gunungkidul Regency, about 38 km from Yogyakarta. The winding and mountainous road is well asphalted. Krakal is about 21 km from Wonosari. Located at 7 km eastern side of the road where branches off the main road crossing limestone hills with their harsh appearance alternated with terraced rocks which all presents enchanting scenery to Baron Beach. Geologists say that a long time ago, this place was lies below sea level. Among all the beaches that stretch along the coast of Java, Krakal with its white sandy beach surrounded with mountainous rock hills is may be the most beautiful beach in Yogyakarta. Meanwhile, the battering of its gigantic waves in a mass of white foam gives more enchantment in enjoy relaxing atmosphere in this beach. It has attracted many tourism-planning experts from foreign countries. They suggest that it should be prepared as a beach resort, particularly for foreign tourists (like Nusa Dua resorts in Bali). Their interest in exploring Krakal is supported by its attractive potentials such as: a sloping and white sandy beach stretching out for about 5 km. There is always warm sunshine from dawn until the twilight comes during the whole dry and rainy season. The sea wind is always blowing softly. As a whole, it is most suitable for sun bathing. It also offers a shade and a multi colored marine growth.
Krakal is close to Kukup beach and Baron cove. This cove is in fact an estuary of an underground river that comes up exactly at the waterfront. It is interesting to observe the combination of the beach and the cove from the protruding rocky hills that flank the caves on both sides.

   
 
  • Sendangsono
 

Sendangsono lies on the slope of Menoreh Mountain range in Kulon Progo Regency, about 40 km from Yogyakarta. The word Sendang means a spring, whereas Sono is the name of a giant tree. Thus Sendangsono means a spring under Sono tree. It is considered to be the holy place for the catholic, and it can be regarded as the Lourdes of Southeast Asia. During May and October, the worship to Holy Marie - Queen of Heaven - usually held by thousands catholic there. Thousands of people from many different regions in Indonesia and even abroad come visit Sendangsono to make their pilgrimage. From the main road they have to make their way on foot up to the hill through the narrow path for about 3 km, where they will find Promasan church. The next 2 km path between Promasan up to Sendangsono complex is called the cruxification path. At Sendangsono they usually take some water from the spring and put into bottles or other containers, and then place them under the statue of Holy Marie. The glimmering lights of hundreds of candles lit around the solemnly Marie. They usually take some water as useful means of well being believing that the purified water of Sendangsono will bring peace and it may be used to heal diseases or to purify/bless certain places. The way leading to Sendangsono is a winding path with valleys and green hills alongside. The environment at Sendangsono itself is very pleasant with shady trees creating a cool and calm atmosphere for the visitors.

   
 
  • Kids Fun Park
 

Kids Fun Park is the Recreation Park with international standard, built in 1998; the park is constructed in approximately 2-hectare area. Situated in Wonosari Street, Yogyakarta Km 10, the park is easy to reach. And the park also provides recreational service both for the kids and adults. Some facilities for fun which are available: Dune Bug, Harley Davidson, Jet Rider, Forklift, Grand Canyon, Gnome Land, Jump & Fun, Vespa Ciao, Santa Fe Express, Ferrari Cars, Star Trek, Aqua Splash, Adventure Mini Golf, and Go-Kart. Other kinds of facilities available are:

    • Amsterdam café (Serving Dutch foods: Penacook, Poffertjess, and Waffle)
    • Saloon café (Serving European foods: Sandwich, Hot Dog, Burger and Toast)
    • Viva Italy café (Spaghetti and Pizza)
    • Adventure café (Indonesian food: Nasi Goreng, Bakmi, Gado-gado, Martabak, etc.
   
 

Getting around Surabaya and East Java

Usually visitors arrived in East Java from the Juanda International Airport. The airport, side by side with the naval military base, is located at Sidoarjo regency some 18 KM or some 40 minutes driving from the city's center. Arriving visitor have the option to go to the city either by public bus or taxis. Some hotels also provides airport transport ( please check your hotel ). Limo service as well as car rental also available on request. They usually chauffeur-driven and it is recommended to rent cars from a registered car rental agency. Chauffeur-driven cars may be hired by the hour with a minimum of two hours and paid by the hour or for each one-way trip. Due to the traffic condition, driving a car is not advised unless you have had experience in driving in other developing countries.
Taxis from Juanda International Airport is regulated by an appointed operator, public taxi could not take on arriving passenger. However, departing passenger is allowed to use public taxis. The Juanda taxi has a fixed rate, differs among destinations, and the ticket can be purchased on the arriving hall. 
An airport shuttle-bus services Juanda International Airport also available to get to the city, usually to the hotels where the visitors will stay in Surabaya. This shuttle bus has a regular route , usually every 30 minutes, to and from the airport. The ticket is approximately Rp. 15.000,- for all shuttle terminal destination. The shuttle bus terminal is located in joyoboyo, bratang, jembatan merah & perak. The shuttle bus route from the airport usually takes the central route of the city that across the hotels such as Mirama Hotel, Simpang Hotel, Tunjungan Hotel, Westin Hotel and etc.

Climate

East Java, like the other part of Indonesia archipelago, has the same climate, tropical climate with two famous season : rain season (November - March) and dry season (April - October). The average temperature is 19 - 30° C. It is sunny in East Java, 70% - 80% of the year in northern area, 60% - 70% in the central area and less that 60% in the mountains

Population

The population of about 35 million consist of races of Javanese, Madurese, Tenggerese and the rests are outsiders, the Javanese mostly live in the western part, the Tenggerese on the highland of Tengger at Mt. Bromo while the Madurese live in the Eastern part and the island of Madura. Islam is adhered by most of the people while Hindu is dominantly followed by the Tenggerese instead of Christian and Buddha as the other religions with own followers. The people mainly live on agriculture with rice as the most important product beside other plantation products like : Corn, sugar cane, coffee, tobacco, cocoa, cloves, spices, etc. Other products of mining such as : sulphur, oil, onyx, marble and many other can offer wider job opportunities to people and take make East java's economy grow better, more over when tourism is developing rapidly in this region nowadays and playing its important role in increasing the people's income by involving themselves in various sectors instead of agriculture supporting tourism industry among other things in home and small industries.

Formalities

Valid vaccination certificates of small fox, cholera and yellow fever are required from those coming from infected areas. Considering that Indonesia tropical resort, visitors should be aware of getting sunburn, so it is advisable to wear a hat as protection from the fierceness of midday sun. Medicines can be obtained from local drug store called "Apotik" in conformity with doctor prescription

Office Hours

Government offices are open Monday to Friday from 7 am till 3 pm. Businesses have various office hours, but 9 am - 4 pm is a safe bet on weekdays. Banks are generally open 8 am - 4 pm though their foreign exchange counters close in the early afternoon.

Currency

Major world currencies in the form of cash or travelers cheque can be easily converted into Indonesia Rupiah (Rp) at banks, authorized money changers (don't forget your passport) or cashier’s desk of yours hotel. Paper currency is available in domination of 100, 500, 1000, 5000, 20000, 50000 and 100000; while coins come in units of 25, 50, 100, 500 and 1000.

Accommodation

Welcome to the EastJavaBiz.Org Flight Information Page to Surabaya. Here you can quickly check departure and arrival times for specific flights. Although Jakarta is the national capital and gateway airport to Indonesia, there are a number of direct international flights to Surabaya. You can fly to Jakarta and choose between traveling overland to Surabaya via a domestic flight to Surabaya. You have a choice of flying to Jakarta, traveling overland to Surabaya. Flights to Surabaya from Jakarta's Soekarno-Hatta International Airport are frequent and you can generally make an ongoing connection if you arrive in Jakarta before 5 p.m. The 60-minute flight allows you to gape in awe at the spectacular view of several volcanoes through the windows.

Transportation

Type Minimum Days Use Capacity Rate Per Day
Van 2 days 3 pax US $ 70
Coach 2 days 5 pax US $ 80
Coach 2 days 7 pax US $ 90
Motocross 1 days 2 pax US $ 20

Facility : AC, reclining seats, petrol, friendly and experience English speaking driver

 


 
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